AGFACE (Australian Grains Free Air CO₂ Enrichment)


AGFACE (Australian Grains Free Air CO₂ Enrichment)


Atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) is predicted to rise above 550 ppm (parts per million) within this century. CO2 is the direct substrate of photosynthesis - the process by which green plants fix solar energy and produce biomass. Increasing concentrations stimulate plant growth and the process is often referred to as the "fertilisation effect". To successfully adapt crop production practices and agro-ecosystem management in the face of increasing CO2, plant production must be studied in a range of environments under field conditions.

What is FACE and AGFACE?

The Australian Grains Free Air CO2 Enrichment (AGFACE) facility enables the exposure of field grown crops to elevated CO2 levels under dryland field conditions.

The FACE (Free Air COEnrichment) technique is used internationally at more than 30 sites, investigating a multitude of ecosystems including cropping systems, pastures, and forests.

AGFACE is a collaborative effort by the partner organisations of the Primary Industries Climate Challenges Centre (PICCC) - the Department of Environment and Primary Industries Victoria and the University of Melbourne. It is also supported by funding from the Grains Research and Development Corporation and the Australian Government's Department of Agriculture. AGFACE is proud to attract and enlist collaborators worldwide.

Related resources

Titlesort descending Excerpt
AGFACE fact sheet (2011) Crops for an evolving climate. The Australian Grains Free Air Carbon dioxide Enrichment (AGFACE) facility is one of only six agricultural FACE sites internationally.
AGFACE fact sheet (2013) Fact sheet profiling the project Australian Grains Free Air Carbon dioxide Enrichment program.
AGFACE publications A bibliographic survey of research publications produced by the AGFACE program and its projects.
AGFACE videos The AGFACE team have developed a series of videos explaining elements of the research program, including the SoilFACE, HeatFACE and grain quality projects.